J Integr Plant Biol. ›› 2008, Vol. 50 ›› Issue (7): 860-867.DOI: 10.1111/j.1744-7909.2008.00705.x

• Cell and Developmental Biology • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Sexual Reproduction in Higher Plants I: Fertilization and the Initiation of Zygotic Program

Yong-Feng Fan, Li Jiang, Hua-Qin Gong and Chun-Ming Liu   

  • Received:2008-04-16 Accepted:2008-04-23 Published:2008-07-10

Abstract: Sexual plant reproduction is a critical developmental step in the life cycle of higher plants, to allow maternal and paternal genes to be transmitted in a highly regulated manner to the next generation. During evolution, a whole set of signal transduction machinery is developed by plants to ensure an error-free recognition between male and female gametes and initiation of zygotic program. In the past few years, the molecular machineries underlying this biological process have been elucidated, particularly on the importance of synergid cells in pollen tube guidance, the Ca++ spike as the immediate response of fertilization and the epigenetic regulation of parental gene expressions in early zygotic embryogenesis. This review outlines the most recent development in this area.

Key words: calcium, fertilization, imprinting, synergid, zygote

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