J Integr Plant Biol. ›› 2009, Vol. 51 ›› Issue (1): 21-28.DOI: 10.1111/j.1744-7909.2008.00728.x

• Cell and Developmental Biology • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Crossability Barriers in the Interspecific Hybridization between Oryza sativa and O. meyeriana

Xue-Lin Fu, Yong-Gen Lu, Xiang-Dong Liu and Jin-Quan Li   

  • Received:2007-12-14 Accepted:2008-03-13 Published:2009-01-01

Abstract: Oryza meyeriana Baill (GG genome) is a precious germplasm in the tertiary gene pool of cultivated rice (AA genome), and possesses important traits such as resistance and tolerance to biotic and abiotic stress. However, interspecific crossability barrier, a critical bottleneck restricting genes transfer from O. meyeriana to cultivars has led to no hybrids through conventional reproduction. Therefore, the reasons underlying incrossability were investigated in the present report. The results showed that: (i) at 3–7 d after pollination (DAP), many hybrid embryos degenerated at the earlier globular-shaped stage, and could not develop into the later pear-shaped stage. Meanwhile, free endosperm nuclei started to degenerate at 1 DAP, and cellular endosperm could not form at 3 DAP, leading to nutrition starvation for young embryo development; (ii) at 11–13 DAP, almost all hybrid ovaries aborted. Even though 72.22% of hybrid young embryos were produced in the interspecific hybridization between O. sativa and O. meyeriana, young embryos were not able to further develop into hybrid plantlets via culturing in vitro. The main reason for the incrossability was hybrid embryo inviability, presenting as embryo development stagnation and degeneration since 3 DAP. Some possible approaches to overcome the crossability barriers in the interspecific hybridization between O. sativa and O. meyeriana are discussed.

Key words: crossability, embryo development, interspecific hybridization, Oryza sativa, O. meyeriana

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