J Integr Plant Biol. ›› 2015, Vol. 57 ›› Issue (1): 120-126.DOI: 10.1111/jipb.12310

• Research Articles • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Clues to the signals for chloroplast photo-relocation from the lifetimes of accumulation and avoidance responses

Takeshi Higa and Masamitsu Wada*   

  1. Department of Biology, Faculty of Sciences, Kyushu University, Fukuoka, Japan
  • Received:2014-09-02 Accepted:2014-11-03 Published:2015-01-01
  • About author:*Correspondence: E-mail: wadascb@kyushu-u.org


Chloroplast photo-relocation movement is crucial for plant survival; however, the mechanism of this phenomenon is still poorly understood. Especially, the signal that goes from photoreceptor to chloroplast is unknown, although the photoreceptors (phototropin 1 and 2) have been identified and an actin structure (chloroplast actin filaments) has been characterized that is specific for chloroplast movement. Here, in gametophytes of the fern Adiantum capillus-veneris, gametophores of the moss Physcomiterella patens, and leaves of the seed plant Arabidopsis thaliana, we sought to characterize the signaling system by measuring the lifetime of the induced response. Chloroplast movements were induced by microbeam irradiation with high-intensity blue light and recorded. The lifetime of the avoidance state was measured as a lag time between switching off the beam and the loss of avoidance behavior, and that of the accumulation state was measured as the duration of accumulation behavior following the extinction of the beam. The lifetime for the avoidance response state is approximately 3–4 min and that for the accumulation response is 19–28 min. These data suggest that the two responses are based on distinct signals.


Higa T and Wada M (2015) Clues to the signals for chloroplast photo-relocation from the lifetimes of accumulation and avoidance responses. J Integr Plant Biol 57: 120–126. doi: 10.1111/jipb.12310

Key words: Blue light, chloroplast movement, fern gametophyte, intracellular signaling, phototropin

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