J Integr Plant Biol. ›› 2021, Vol. 63 ›› Issue (4): 646-661.DOI: 10.1111/jipb.13003

Special Issue: Development Hormone signaling

• Cell and Developmental Biology • Previous Articles     Next Articles

ABNORMAL SHOOT 6 interacts with KATANIN 1 and SHADE AVOIDANCE 4 to promote cortical microtubule severing and ordering in Arabidopsis

Yuanfeng Li, Meng Deng, Haofeng Liu, Yan Li, Yu Chen, Min Jia, Hui Xue, Jingxia Shao, Jun Zhao, Yafei Qi, Lijun An, Fei Yu* and Xiayan Liu*   

  1. State Key Laboratory of Crop Stress Biology for Arid Areas and College of Life Sciences, Northwest A&F University, Yangling 712100, China
    *Present Address: Department of Plant & Microbial Biology, University of California Berkeley, California 94720, USA.
    *Correspondences: Fei Yu (flyfeiyu@gmail.com); Xiayan Liu (xyliu@nwafu.edu.cn, Dr. Liu is fully responsible for the distribution of all materials associated with this article.)
  • Received:2020-06-29 Accepted:2020-08-03 Online:2020-08-06 Published:2021-04-01

Abstract: Plant interphase cortical microtubules (cMTs) mediate anisotropic cell expansion in response to environmental and developmental cues. In Arabidopsis thaliana, KATANIN 1 (KTN1), the p60 catalytic subunit of the conserved MT‐severing enzyme katanin, is essential for cMT ordering and anisotropic cell expansion. However, the regulation of KTN1‐mediated cMT severing and ordering remains unclear. In this work, we report that the Arabidopsis IQ67 DOMAIN (IQD) family gene ABNORMAL SHOOT 6 (ABS6) encodes a MT‐associated protein. Overexpression of ABS6 leads to elongated cotyledons, directional pavement cell expansion, and highly ordered transverse cMT arrays. Genetic suppressor analysis revealed that ABS6‐mediated cMT ordering is dependent on KTN1 and SHADE AVOIDANCE 4 (SAV4). Live imaging of cMT dynamics showed that both ABS6 and SAV4 function as positive regulators of cMT severing. Furthermore, ABS6 directly interacts with KTN1 and SAV4 and promotes their recruitment to the cMTs. Finally, analysis of loss‐of‐function mutant combinations showed that ABS6, SAV4, and KTN1 work together to ensure the robust ethylene response in the apical hook of dark‐grown seedlings. Together, our findings establish ABS6 and SAV4 as positive regulators of cMT severing and ordering, and highlight the role of cMT dynamics in fine‐tuning differential growth in plants.

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