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J Integr Plant Biol, 47 (2): 187-193, Research Article
Thermal Hardening: A New Seed Vigor Enhancement Tool in Rice
Muhammad FAROOQ, S. M. A. BASRA, Nazir AHMAD and K. HAFEEZ
Abstract
In a laboratory study, indica and japonica rice (Oryza sativa L.) seeds were exposed to thermal hardening (heating followed by chilling followed by heating; chilling followed by heating followed by chilling; heating followed by chilling or chilling followed by heating). In indica rice, heating followed by chilling followed by heating resulted in decreased mean germination time, time to start germination, electrical conductivity of seed leachates, and time to 50% germination, as well as increased germination index, energy of germination, radicle and plumule length, root length, root/shoot ratio, root fresh and dry weight, radicle and plumule growth rate, and shoot fresh weight. In japonica rice, chilling followed by heating followed by chilling performed better than all other treatments, including control.
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Published: 23 November 2018
© 2005 Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences
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