J Integr Plant Biol. ›› 2005, Vol. 47 ›› Issue (6): -.DOI: 10.1111/j.1744-7909.2005.00052.x

• Research Articles •    

UV-B Radiation Suppresses the Growth and Antioxidant Systems of Two Marine Microalgae, Platymonas subcordiformis (Wille) Hazen andNitzschia closterium (Ehrenb.) W. Sm

Pei-Yu ZHANG , Juan YU and Xue-Xi TANG   

Abstract: This study investigated whether increased solar UV-B radiation (280-315 nm) could suppress the growth of marine microalgae through effects on their antioxidant systems. Two marine microalgae species, Platymonas subcordiformis (Wille) Hazen and Nitzschia closterium (Ehrenb.) W. Sm, were exposed to a range of UV-B radiation and both showed reductions in their growth rates, and the chlorophyll a (Chl a) and carotenoid (Car) contents when UV-B radiation dose increased. Superoxide anion radical (O2-. ) production and the concentration of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) and malodiadehyde (MDA) also increased with the increasing of UV-B radiation. Antioxidant systems, non-enzymic components (Car and glutathione content) and enzymic components (superoxide dismutase (SOD) and catalase (CAT) activity), decreased as a result of enhanced UV-B radiation. When the exogenous glutathione (GSH) was added, the effects of UV-B radiation on the growth of the two species were alleviated. These results suggest that enhanced UV-B radiation suppressed the antioxidant systems and caused some active oxygen species to accumulate, which in turns retarded the development of the marine microalgae.

Key words: antioxidant systems, growth, marine microalgae, UV-B.

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