J Integr Plant Biol. ›› 2006, Vol. 48 ›› Issue (10): -.DOI: 10.1111/j.1744-7909.2006.00330.x

• Research Articles •    

Ramet Population Structure of Fargesia nitida (Mitford) Keng f. et Yi in Different Successional Stands of the Subalpine Coniferous Forest in Wolong

Xiao-Hong Yu, Jian-Ping Tao, Yuan Li, Yong-Jian Wang, Yi Xi, Wei-Yin Zhang and Run-Guo Zang   

Abstract: Forest structure and succession in Wolong Nature Reserve is influenced by the understory dwarf bamboo population. However, less is known about how the forest succession affects the dwarf bamboo population. To examine the bamboo ramet population growth of Fargesia nitida (Mitford) Keng f. et Yi and to determine how ramet population structure varies along the succession of coniferous forest, we sampled ramet populations of F. nitida from the following three successional stages: (i) a deciduous broad-leaved (BL) stand; (ii) a mixed broad-leaved coniferous (MI) stand; and (iii) a coniferous (CF) stand. We investigated the population structure, biomass allocation, and morphological characteristics of the bamboo ramet among the three stand types. Clonal ramets, constituting the bamboo population, tended to become short and small with succession. The ramet changed towards having a greater mass investment in leaves, branches and underground roots and rhizomes rather than in the culm. With respect to leaf traits, individual leaf mass and area in the BL stand were markedly bigger than those in both the MI and CF stands, except for no significant difference in specific leaf area. The age distribution showed that the bamboo population approached an older age with succession. The results demonstrate that the ramet population structure of F. nitida is unstable and its growth performance is inhibited by succession.(Author for correspondence. E-mail: taojianping@163.com)

Key words: coniferous forest, Fargesia nitida, ramet population structure, succession, Wolong Nature Reserve.

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