J Integr Plant Biol. ›› 2007, Vol. 49 ›› Issue (1): 28-34.DOI: 10.1111/j.1744-7909.2006.00411.x

Special Issue: Cell Biology and Functions

• Invited Expert Reviews • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Timing of Photoperiodic Flowering: Light Perception and Circadian Clock

Yun Zhou, Xiao-Dong Sun and Min Ni   

  • Published:2007-01-01

Abstract:

Flowering symbolizes the transition of a plant from vegetative phase to reproductive phase and is controlled by fairly complex and highly coordinated regulatory pathways. Over the last decade, genetic studies in Arabidopsis have aided the discovery of many signaling components involved in these pathways. In this review, we discuss how the timing of flowering is regulated by photoperiod and the involvement of light perception and the circadian clock in this process. The specific regulatory mechanisms on CONSTANS expression and CONSTANS stability by the circadian clock and photoreceptors are described in detail. In addition, the roles of CONSTANS, FLOWERING LOCUS T, and several other light signaling and circadian-dependent components in photoperiodic flowering are also highlighted.Author for correspondence. Tel: +1 612 625 3702; Fax: +1 612 625 1738; E-mail: nixxx008@tc.umn.edu

Key words: circadian clock, CONSTANS, light signaling, photoperiodic flowering, photoreceptors.

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