J Integr Plant Biol. ›› 2016, Vol. 58 ›› Issue (1): 91-103.DOI: 10.1111/jipb.12369

Special Issue: Plant Signal Transduction

• Plant-environmental Interactions • Previous Articles    

A pair of light signaling factors FHY3 and FAR1 regulates plant immunity by modulating chlorophyll biosynthesis

Wanqing Wang1, Weijiang Tang1, Tingting Ma1, De Niu2, Jing Bo Jin2, Haiyang Wang3 and Rongcheng Lin1,4*   

  1. 1Key Laboratory of Photobiology, Institute of Botany, the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China
    2Key Laboratory of Plant Molecular Physiology, Institute of Botany, the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China
    3Biotechnology Research Institute, the Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Beijing, China
    4National Center for Plant Gene Research, Beijing, China
  • Received:2015-03-27 Accepted:2015-05-15 Published:2015-05-18
  • About author:Current address: College of Biochemical Engineering, Beijing Union University, Beijing 100023, China.
    *Correspondence: E-mail: rclin@ibcas.ac.cn

Abstract:

Light and chloroplast function is known to affect the plant immune response; however, the underlying mechanism remains elusive. We previously demonstrated that two light signaling factors, FAR-RED ELONGATED HYPOCOTYL 3 (FHY3) and FAR-RED IMPAIRED RESPONSE 1 (FAR1), regulate chlorophyll biosynthesis and seedling growth via controlling HEMB1 expression in Arabidopsis thaliana. In this study, we reveal that FHY3 and FAR1 are involved in modulating plant immunity. We showed that the fhy3 far1 double null mutant displayed high levels of reactive oxygen species and salicylic acid (SA) and increased resistance to Pseudomonas syringae pathogen infection. Microarray analysis revealed that a large proportion of pathogen-related genes, particularly genes encoding nucleotide-binding and leucine-rich repeat domain resistant proteins, are highly induced in fhy3 far1. Genetic studies indicated that the defects of fhy3 far1 can be largely rescued by reducing SA signaling or blocking SA accumulation, and by overexpression of HEMB1, which encodes a 5-aminolevulinic acid dehydratase in the chlorophyll biosynthetic pathway. Furthermore, we found that transgenic plants with reduced expression of HEMB1 exhibit a phenotype similar to fhy3 far1. Taken together, this study demonstrates an important role of FHY3 and FAR1 in regulating plant immunity, through integrating chlorophyll biosynthesis and the SA signaling pathway.

 

Wang W, Tang W, Ma T, Niu D, Jin JB, Wang H, Lin R (2016) A pair of light signaling factors FHY3 and FAR1 regulates plant immunity by modulating chlorophyll biosynthesis. J Integr Plant Biol 58: 91–103 doi: 10.1111/jipb.12369

Key words: Arabidopsis, chlorophyll biosynthesis, FAR1, FHY3, light signaling, plant immunity, salicylic acid

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