J Integr Plant Biol. ›› 2015, Vol. 57 ›› Issue (12): 1017-1030.DOI: 10.1111/jipb.12347

• Cell and Developmental Biology • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Activated expression of AtEDT1/HDG11 promotes lateral root formation in Arabidopsis mutant edt1 by upregulating jasmonate biosynthesis

Xiao-Teng Cai, Ping Xu, Yao Wang and Cheng-Bin Xiang*   

  1. School of Life Sciences, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei 230027, China
  • Received:2014-08-25 Accepted:2015-03-02 Published:2015-12-01
  • About author:*Correspondence: E-mail: xiangcb@ustc.edu.cn

Abstract:

Root architecture is crucial for plants to absorb water and nutrients. We previously reported edt1 (edt1D) mutant with altered root architecture that contributes significantly to drought resistance. However, the underlying molecular mechanisms are not well understood. Here we report one of the mechanisms underlying EDT1/HDG11-conferred altered root architecture. Root transcriptome comparison between the wild type and edt1D revealed that the upregulated genes involved in jasmonate biosynthesis and signaling pathway were enriched in edt1D root, which were confirmed by quantitative RT-PCR. Further analysis showed that EDT1/HDG11, as a transcription factor, bound directly to the HD binding sites in the promoters of AOS, AOC3, OPR3, and OPCL1, which encode four key enzymes in JA biosynthesis. We found that the jasmonic acid level was significantly elevated in edt1D root compared with that in the wild type subsequently. In addition, more auxin accumulation was observed in the lateral root primordium of edt1D compared with that of wild type. Genetic analysis of edt1D opcl1 double mutant also showed that HDG11 was partially dependent on JA in regulating LR formation. Taken together, overexpression of EDT1/HDG11 increases JA level in the root of edt1D by directly upregulating the expressions of several genes encoding JA biosynthesis enzymes to activate auxin signaling and promote lateral root formation.

 

Cai XT, Xu P, Wang Y, Xiang CB (2015) Activated expression of AtEDT1/HDG11 promotes lateral root formation in Arabidopsis mutant edt1 by upregulating jasmonate biosynthesis. J Integr Plant Biol 57: 1017–1030 doi: 10.1111/jipb.12347

Key words: EDT1/HDG11, jasmonic acid, lateral root, OPCL1, OPR3

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