J Integr Plant Biol. ›› 2002, Vol. 44 ›› Issue (2): 158-163.

• Research Articles • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Fruit Photosynthesis and Assimilate Translocation and Partitioning: Their Characteristics and Role in Sugar Accumulation in Developing Citrus unshiu Fruit

CHEN Jun-Wei, ZHANG Shang-Long, ZHANG Liang-Cheng, ZHAO Zhi-Zhong and XU Jian-Guo   

Abstract:

Dynamics of dryor fresh weight of fruit, peel photosynthetic rate and chlorophyll content, and the characteristics of translocation and distribution of radiolabelled assimilates from leaf or fruit were examined in developing satsuma mandarin ( Citrus unshiu Marc. cv. Miyagawa wase) fruit from primary stage of fruit enlargement up to fruit full ripe. Change in fruit photosynthetic rate was some what related to the change in the chlorophyll content of peel. Fruit photosynthetic rate markedly declined as chlorophyll degradation occurred in the peel. Before full ripe stage of the fruit, photosynthates produced by a 14C fed leaf were mainly distributed to juice sacs even during periods when dry matter accumulation in peel was more rapid than that in juice sacs. At the full ripe stage, peel photosynthetic rate approached zero and peel became the major sink of leaf photosynthates. Most of the peel assimilates, however, remained in situ for up to 48 h after feeding 14CO2 to the fruit, only a small portion being transported to other parts of fruit. The percentage of fruit photosynthates exported decreased with fruit development and ripening, but the peak rate of export to juice sacs amount to as high as 12%. The sugar content and dry weights of peel and juice sacs in shaded fruit were lower than that in the control fruit. These results show that peel assimilate was mainly consumed in peel respiration and growth and thus the dependence on leaf photosynthates decreased. Part of this assimiate was used in sugar accumulation in juice sacs of fruit.

柑橘果实的光合特性、产物运输及分配在糖分积累中的作用

陈俊伟1,2  张上隆1  张良诚1  赵智中1  徐建国3

(1. 浙江大学农业与生物技术学院园艺系,杭州,310029; 2. 浙江省农业科学院园艺研究所,杭州,3100213. 浙江省农业科学院柑橘研究所,黄岩,318020)

摘要:测定了温州蜜柑(Citrus unshiu Marc. cv. Miyagawa wase)果实发育进程中干鲜重、果皮光合速率和叶绿素含量的变化,并用14CO2示踪技术研究了果皮和叶同化生成的光合产物在果实内的运输分配特性.结果表明:果皮光合速率与叶绿素含量有关,随着叶绿素含量的下降,果实光合速率也快速下降.在果实完熟之前,即使是当果皮积累的干重超过汁囊时,叶同化产物仍主要分配到汁囊中;而在完熟阶段,果皮光合速率接近零,果皮成了叶同化产物的主要库.果皮的同化产物,主要保留在果皮中,输入到汁囊的比率随果实发育而下降,但高峰时也有12%输入汁囊.与对照相比,果实遮光处理后降低了果皮与汁囊的干重和含糖量.上述结果表明果皮光合产物主要用于果皮自身的发育并能减少对叶光合产物的依赖,同时也能部分增加汁囊糖的积累.

 

关键词 温州蜜柑 果实光合作用 光合产物 运输 分配 糖积累

 

Key words: satsuma mandarin, fruit photosynthesis, photosynthate, translocation, partitioning, sugar accumulation

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