J Integr Plant Biol. ›› 2003, Vol. 45 ›› Issue (10): 1228-1237.

• Research Articles • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Interspecific Transition Among Caragana microphylla, C. davazamcii and C. korshinskii Along Geographic Gradient. Ⅱ. Characteristics of Photosynthesis and Water Metabolism

MA Cheng-Cang, GAO Yu-Bao*, GUO Hong-Yu , WANG Jin-Long   

Abstract:

The characteristics of photosynthesis and water metabolism of Caragana microphylla Lam., C. davazamcii Sancz. and C. korshinskii Kom. populations in different sites (117.6o-105.7o E, 44.6o-38.8o N) were studied. (1) From the east to the west, the responses of the three species to photosynthetically available radiation (PAR) in net photosynthesis rate increased, the relative humidity of the air which corresponded to the occurrence of maximum photosynthesis rate decreased, and the corresponding air temperature increased. Along the same gradient, the before-noon superiority of the photosynthesis became evident, and the photosynthesis rate and the light use efficiency (LUE ) increased, while the transpiration rate decreased, thus the water use efficiency (WUE ) increased notably, and the leaf water content decreased gradually. From the east to the west, the plants took a water-saving strategy step by step with higher photosynthesis rate and lower transpiration rate. These physiological changes in the plants were adaptable to the conditions of light, temperature and humidity in the habitat of the plants, and might be the biological foundation for the geographical transition among C. microphylla , C. davazamcii and C. korshinskii. (2) The adaptation of photosynthetic system of C. microphylla , C. davazamcii and C. korshinskii to PAR, air humidity and temperature exhibited the interspecific continuity, which was consistent with the environmental gradient. In different species and different sites, the diurnal changes of net photosynthesis rate, the daily cumulative value of net photosynthesis, the diurnal changes of transpiration rate, the daily cumulative value of transpiration, the water use efficiency and the diurnal changes of leaf water content varied with longitudinal descent (from the east to the west). The characteristics of photosynthesis and water metabolism indicated that the geographical transition among C. microphylla , C. davazamcii and C. korshinskii was in gradual change, and these three species formed a geographical cline.

小叶锦鸡儿、中间锦鸡儿和柠条锦鸡儿地理渐变性Ⅱ. 光合特性和水分代谢特性
马成仓 高玉葆  郭宏宇  王金龙

(1.南开大学生命科学学院,天津 300071;2.淮北煤炭师范学院生物系,淮北 235000)
摘要: 研究了不同地区(117.6o ~105.7o E,44.6o ~38.8o N)分布的小叶锦鸡儿(Caragana microphylla Lam.)、中间锦鸡儿(Caragana davazamcii Sancz.)和柠条锦鸡儿(C.korshinskii Kom.)种群的光合特性和水分代谢特性。结果发现:(1)由东向西小叶锦鸡儿、中间锦鸡儿和柠条锦鸡儿净光合速率对光合有效辐射的响应增强;净光合速率达到最大值时所对应的空气湿度依次下降;净光合速率达到最大值时所对应的气温依次增加。光合日进程午前优势逐渐升高,光合速率逐渐升高,光能利用率逐渐升高,蒸腾速率逐渐降低,水分利用效率显著升高,叶含水量逐渐降低,植株逐渐采取低蒸腾、高光合的节水对策。这些生理变化与它们分布区的光、温、湿条件相适应。这是小叶锦鸡儿、中间锦鸡儿和柠条锦鸡儿发生地理替代分布的生物学基础。(2)小叶锦鸡儿、中间锦鸡儿和柠条锦鸡儿光合系统对光合有效辐射、空气湿度和气温的适应都表现出连续性,而且这种连续性与环境的梯度变化相一致。不同种、不同地点光合日进程、日净同化积累值、蒸腾日进程、日蒸腾积累值、水分利用效率以及叶含水量日变化也随经度自东向西呈连续变化。光合特性和水分代谢特性表明小叶锦鸡儿、中间锦鸡儿和柠条锦鸡儿的地理替代分布是连续过渡的,是一个连续地理渐变群。
关键词: 小叶锦鸡儿;中间锦鸡儿;柠条锦鸡儿;地理渐变性;光合作用;水分代谢

通讯作者。 E-mail: <ybgao@nankai.edu.cn>。

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