J Integr Plant Biol. ›› 2003, Vol. 45 ›› Issue (8): 966-973.

• Research Articles • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Agrobacterium-mediated Transformation of Kentucky Bluegrass

CHAI Bao-Feng*, LIANG Ai-Hua, WANG Wei, Hu Wei   


Embryogenic calli of Kentucky bluegrass, named Md, were induced from mature seeds and embryos, and proliferated on medium K3 containing 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D, 10.0 μmol/L), 6-benzylaminopurine ( BAP, 0.5 μmol/L) and K5 which was the K3 medium supplemented with cupric sulfa (0.5 μmol/L) under dim-light condition ( 20-30 μmol·m-2·s-1, 16 h light) at 24 ℃. Embryogenic calli were transformed with plasmids pDM805 Carring bar and gus genes, Which was mediated by an Agrobacterium strain AGL1, four transgenic lines were obtained. The important factors that affect the transformation efficiency and obtain desirable number of transgenic plants included: (1) the quality of embryogenic calli; (2) light condition and time of co-cultivation; (3) concentration of antibiotics used for suppressing the overgrowth of Agrobacterium in the course of transformed plant regeneration; (4) selection pressure, etc. The micro nutrient of cupric had significant influence on the quality of embryogenic calli. This pre-sentation is the first successful protocol of Kentucky bluegrass transformation mediated by Agrobacterium.


柴宝峰 梁爱华 王伟 胡炜

(1.中国科学院水生生物研究所,武汉430072;2.山西大学生物技术研究所,太原 030006)

摘要: 利用种子和胚分别在两种培养基K3和K5诱导产生了早熟禾(Poa pratensis L.)一个品种Mado的胚性愈伤组织.K3培养基含有10.0μmol/L的二氯苯氧乙酸(2,4-D)、0.5μmol/L的苄氨基嘌呤(BAP).K5培养基是K3另加0.5μmol/L的硫酸铜.光照条件为20~30 μmol.m-2.s-1、16 h光照、8 h黑暗.温度保持在24℃.用携有bar基因和gus基因的pDM805质粒转化的农杆菌AGL1对胚性愈伤组织进行转化.共得到4个转基因株系.影响转基因效率的主要因素有愈伤组织的胚性、光照条件、共转化时间、抗生素浓度、选择压力.本研究建立了单子叶早熟禾农杆菌介导的转基因方案.

关键词: 单子叶植物愈伤组织农杆菌介导; Poa pratensis

通讯作者。T el: 0351-7016125;E-mail: <bfchai @ sxu.edu.cn>。

Key words: monocotyledon, callus, Agrobacterium-mediation, Poa pratensis

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