J Integr Plant Biol. ›› 2004, Vol. 46 ›› Issue (5): 582-587.

• Research Articles • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Isolation and Characterization of Ty1/copia-like Reverse Transcriptase Sequences from Mung Bean (Vigna radiata)

XIAO Wei-Min, Wataru Sakamoto, Sodmergen   


Ty1/copia-like sequences were amplified from mung bean (Vigna radiata (L.) Wilczek) genomic DNA, by PCR with degenerate oligonucleotide primers corresponding to highly conserved domains in the Ty1/copia-like retrotransposons. PCR fragments of roughly 270 bp were isolated and cloned, and forty clones were sequenced. Thirty-six of the forty clones had unique nucleotide sequences, and eighteen clones had a frameshift, a stop codon, or both. Alignment of the nucleotide sequences indicated that these clones, denoted Tvr, fell into nine subgroups and nine ungrouped sequences. The nucleotide sequence similarity between these elements ranged from 8% to 100%, which indicates high level of sequence heterogeneity among these clones. A phylogenetic analysis comparing these clones with corresponding sequences from other plant species showed that some of the Tvr clones are more closely related to Ty1/copia-like retrotransposons from other species than to other Tvr clones. Dot blot analysis revealed that Ty1/copia-like retrotransposons comprise about 9.3% of the mung bean genome.

Key words: mung bean, DOP-PCR, copia, retrotransposon, reverse transcriptase

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