J Integr Plant Biol. ›› 2007, Vol. 49 ›› Issue (12): 1763-1771.DOI: 10.1111/j.1744-7909.2007.00613.x

• Evolution • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Traits of Masson Pine Affecting Attack of Pine Wood Nematode

Juan Shi, You-Qing Luo, Ji-Ying Song, Hai-Wei Wu, Lei Wang and Gary Z. Wang   

Abstract: Masson pine characteristics were analyzed in five sample plots in Zhejiang Province, China. Bursaphelenchus xylophilus (Steiner et Buhrer) Nickle (pine wood nematode, PWN) carried by Monochamus alternatus predominately attacked Masson pines in the lower diameter classes. Among the 10 tree characteristics examined, mean crown width, percentage of bole with crown, 5-year cumulative diameter growth, and resin amount showed significant variation between successfully attacked and unattacked trees. The attacked trees had a lower percentage of the bole covered with tree crown, lower crown width, lower radial growth in the last 5 years, and produced less induced resinosis than unattacked trees. Results allowed for effective ranking of the pine forest based on individual tree resistance to PWN. This index of resistance should be considered throughout the development of an "Evaluation Criterion and Indicator System". The preceding ranking can be used to evaluate the resistance and resiliency of the pine forest ecosystem to PWN's invasion, which is similar to Pest Risk Analysis (PRA).

Key words: Bursaphelenchus xylophilus, invasion, Pinus massoniana, resistance, susceptibility, tree characteristics.

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