J Integr Plant Biol ›› 1992, Vol. 34 ›› Issue (4): -.

• Research Articles •    

Callus Formation from Somatic Hybridization of Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) and Ryegrass (Lolium perenne L.) by Electrofusion

Chen Wen-pin, Wu Qin-sheng, Liu Da-jun and M. G. K. Jones   

Abstract: Somatic hybrid calli were recovered following electrofusion of protoplasts from a chloroplast-containing cell suspension culture of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) and a cell suspension culture of ryegrass (Lolium perenne L.). The protoplasts of wheat were inactivated by iodoacetamide; in addition morphology and colour were used as markers to aid selection of putative hybrid calli. For isozyme analysis of putative hybrids, nine isozymes were tested for differences in bands between the parental lines. Of these, three showed differences (ADH, GOT, SDH). Analysis of ADH bands of calli indicated that six lines were hybrids. These lines were analysed with the ,ther isozymes, and at the DNA level by Southern hybridisation with a wheat ribosomal DNA probe. The overall results indicated that one line was an almost complete combination of the genomes of the parental lines, but the other 5 lines were probably partial hybrids. In the latter, some loss of the wheat genome had probably occurred.

Key words: Wheat, Perennial ryegrass, Protoplast, Electrofusion, Isozyme, RFLP

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