J Integr Plant Biol. ›› 1994, Vol. 36 ›› Issue (4): -.

• Research Articles •    

The Ultracytochemical Localzation of Acid Phosphatase Activity in Wheat During Fertilization

Tian Guo-wei and Shen Jia-heng   

Abstract: No acid phosphatase activity was observed in the mature embryo sac of wheat (Triticum aestivum) except the chalazal cytoplasm Of the central cell before fertilization. During fertilization, acid phosphataseactivity was observed in the following loci: part of chromatin of the egg nucleus and most of the mitochondria in the egg cytoplasm; the perinuclear spaces of the egg and sperm nuclei at the fusion of the egg and sperm nuclei; the chalazal cytoplasm and some vacuoles of the degenerated synergid; two sperm nuclei within the cytoplasm of female cells; the cell wall of each cell of the embryo sac and that of the nucellar cells surrounding the embryo sac. No acid phosphatase was observed in the two-celled proembryo. Dense enzyme reaction product was localized in the chromatin of the free nuclei at early stage of the endosperm. The characteristic of acid phosphatase distribution during fertilization may be associated with the physiological change of the egg Cell, the reorganization of mitochondria in the egg cell cytoplasm, the degeneration of one of the two synergids, the physiological state of the sperm nuclei and the nuclear membrane fusion of the egg and sperm nuclei.

Key words: Triticum aestivum, Fertilization, Acid phosphatase, Ultracytochemical localization

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