J Integr Plant Biol. ›› 1993, Vol. 35 ›› Issue (10): -.

• Research Articles •    

Pollen Cryopreservation and Pollen Protoplast Isolation in Brassica carnpestris var.purpurea

Liang Li,Xu Bing-fang,Zheng Cong-yi and Zhou Chang   

Abstract: The authors have investigated the factors affecting pollen cryopreservation in Brassica campestris var. purpurea, such as pollen development stages cryoprotectant and the process of freezing. A suitable procedure was established as follows :Pollen grains suspended in B5 medium containing 10X DMSO and 1SM sucrose were frozen by a three- –1℃/min – 1 ℃/min step method(0℃———→–10 ℃ ,standing for 15 min———→–40 ℃ , standing for 1 hr→liquid nitrogen)and later thawed in 40℃ water bath. During a period of 60, 90 days′preservation, the relative survival percentage of mature (at the day of anthesis)and nearly mature(2 days before anthesis, trinucleate stage)pollens maintained at ca. 91% that of young pollens(7-8 days before anthesis, late uninucleate stage to early binucleate stage)slightly declined from the original 91.6% to 84. 3%. Culture. experiment showed that the cryopreserved young pollen could be induced to cell division just as well as the fresh pollen. The method of isolating protoplasts from fresh mature pollen developed previously was improved and simplified. As a result, protoplasts were isolated more conveniently from mature pollen and young pollen for the first time. The protoplasts from cryopreserved mature and young pollen could be obtained as well with an isolation rate of 77.4% and 35.9% respectively. However, for isolation of protoplasts from preserved young pollen, an incubation in NLN medium at 35℃ after thawing was necessary.

Key words: Cryopreservation, Pollen, Pollen protoplast, Brassica campestris var. purpurea

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