J Integr Plant Biol. ›› 1996, Vol. 38 ›› Issue (4): -.

• Research Articles •    

Effects of Lipoxygenase on the Activities of Photosynthetic Electron Transport in Cucumber Leaves

Su Xing, Lin Zhi-fang and Sun Gu-chou   

Abstract: Photosynthesis and electron transport activity decreased with leaf aging, and however, lipoxygenase (Lox) activity increased correspondingly. Soybean Lox-1 inhibited significantly PSⅡ electron transport activity of chloroplasts isolated from cucumber (Cucumis sativus L. ) cotyledon. But the inhibition could be eliminated by the addition of propyl gallate (PG) or 3, 3, 4, 5, 7-pentahydroxyflavon (PF). The inhibition of PSⅠ activity by soybean Lox-1 was enhanced in the presence of 3, 4, dichlorophenyl-1, 1-dimethylurea (DCMU) or 2, 5-dibromothymoquinone (DBMIB), bfft could be restored to its original level when PG was added. Addition of 2, 2-diphenylcarbonic dihydrazide (DPC) to the mixture of isolated chloroplasts and Lox-1, PSⅡ activity resumed obviously. Chlorophyll a fluorescence study showed that Fm was decreased by Lox-1 and resumed slightly by DPC. Based on the above results, it was suggested that Lox might act at least on three sensitive sites located on Q, PQ and the oxidative side of PSⅠ . The bleaching of chlorophyll and carotenoid stimulated by Lox-l, and the inhibition of PSⅠ electron transport activity by active oxygen might be. one of the important reasons to explaine the effect of Lox on the function of photosynthetic membrane.

Key words: Cucumber leaves, Lipoxygenase, Photosynthetic electron transport, Active oxygen, Photosystem Ⅱ

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