J Integr Plant Biol. ›› 1999, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (1): -.

• Research Articles •    

Organogenesis and Plantlet Regeneration in Vitro of Populus euphratica

GU Rui-Sheng,JIANG Xiang-Ning and GUO Zhong-Chen   

Abstract: The research of organogenesis and in vitro plantlet regeneration of Populus euphratica Oliver was carried out using the tender shoots from mature tree as initial explants and MS medium as the basic medium. The effects of plant growth regulators (PGR) on the regeneration were compared. The results showed that the concentration of PGR was not strictly required for the organogenesis of the excised organs and callus, but the ratio of BA to NAA was important. Calli could be induced from the excised leaves and stems cultured on the medium with 0.5 mg/L BA and 0.5 mg/L NAA. The embryonic callus could be multiplied in dark on the medium supplemented with 0.25 mg/L BA and 0.5 mg/L NAA. For the adventitious bud regeneration of the leaf and callus, supplement with 0.5 mg/L BA and 0.1 mg/L NAA was appropriate, giving a regeneration frequency of 82.9% and 100%, respectively. The suitable level of BA and NAA for the excised stem's was 0.1 mg/L and 0.01 mg/L respectively, yielding a regeneration frequency of 83 %. Rooting occurred on the MS medium with half strength of macronutrient and addition of 0.015 mg/L NAA, and the rooting rate could reach up to 86.2%. The techniques of somatic cell cloning of P. euphratica was established in vitro. The problems of deterioration of the subcultured shoots were also discussed.

Key words: Populus euphratica, Organogenesis, Plantlet regeneration in vitro

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