J Integr Plant Biol. ›› 1998, Vol. 40 ›› Issue (2): -.

• Research Articles •    

Development of Anther- defective Cytoplasmic Male Sterile Line from Interspecific Hybridization Between Dongxiang Wild Rice and Cultivated Rice and Preliminary Observations on Its Derivatives

SONG Dei-Ming, WANG Zhi, LIU Yong-Sheng, WANG Mao-Li, LONG Tai-Kang and SUN Jing-San   

Abstract: Exploring novel source of cytoplasmic male sterility (CMS) is essential to stablize the productivity of hybrid rice. Dongxiang wild rice ( Oryza rufipogon Griff. ) has been recorded as the northest distributed wild rice in China that is resistant to several biotic or abiotic stresses. A male sterile line M01A defective of anther was identified in the F3 population from an interspecific cross between Dongxiang wild rice and cultivated rice ( Oryza sativa L. ssp. indica ). Crosses and successive backcrosses were made between M01A and a variety of breeding materials and 19 progeny families were obtained. Among the families, some were defective of anthers, and some have twisted and degenerated anthers without microsporogenesis or with a few typical aborted pollen. These resuits implicate that the male sterility of M01A was genetically regulated by the interaction between the nucleus and the cytoplasm. Only one cross produced male-fertile hybrid in which the paternal parent contains a part of the genome of Dongxiang wild rice, which implies that Dongxiang wild rice itself could be the source of the fertility restorer to M01A.

Key words: Oryza sativa, Oryza rufipogon, Anther-defective cytoplasmic male sterility line

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