J Integr Plant Biol. ›› 1997, Vol. 39 ›› Issue (8): -.

• Research Articles •    

Effect of Host Plants and Inoculum Forms on the Inoculum Potential of Arbuscular Mycor rhizal Fungi

Yin Xi-sheng, Liu Run-jin and Sun Xian-ming   

Abstract: The effects of inoculum forms (single-spore, multi-spores, or colonized root pieces) and host plants (Nicotiana tabacum L., Sorghum sudanense(Piper) Stapf, and Trifolium repens L. ) on the development and inoculum potential (IP) of the arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF): Glomus macrocarpum Tul & Tul, Glomus mosseae (Nicol & Gerd. ) Gerdemann & Trappe, Glomus versiforme (Karsten) Berch, and Sclerocystis sinuosa Gerdemann & Bakhi cultured in pots were investigated. The lag phase of treatment with 50 spores or 0.5 g (fresh weight) of colonized root pieces was 4 weeks, much shorter than that of the treatment with 1 spore (8 weeks); the value of IP(VIP) and percentage of root colonization(PRC) of the former were greater than those of the latter. Only on the early stages of colonization was there difference between the 50 spores and the 0.5 g (fresh weight) of colonized root piece inoculation treatments. The IP per plant inoculated with 0. 5 g (fresh weight) of colonized mot pieces of AMF was greater than that of the other two treatments except G. vers/forme on Nicotiana tabacum, while the PRC of the plants inoculated with 50 spores and 0. 5 g (fresh weight) of colonized root pieces of AMF was higher than that of the 1 spore inoculation after 10 weeks. The VIP of AMF on Trifolium repens was significantly higher than that on the other two hosts. The VIP of G. mosseae, G. versiforme, and S. sinuosa was respectively greater than that of G. macrocarpum. This suggested that different species of AMF produced different VIP of the inoculum. Nicotiaha tabacum was much better than the other host plants which used to be inoculated with single spore, and to produce inocula of AMF.

Key words: Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi, Inoculum forms, Inoculum potential, Development, Host plants

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