J Integr Plant Biol. ›› 1987, Vol. 29 ›› Issue (6): -.

• Research Articles •    

Effects of Low Temperature on Photosynthesis in Flag Leaves of Rice (Oryza sativa L.)

He Jie, Liu Hong-xian, Wang Yi-rou and Guo Jun-yan Kou Chun-yen   

Abstract: After low temperature (16℃) treatment, the net photosynthetic rate, chlorophyll content and FBPase activity tended to decrease and ratio of chlorophyll a/b, stomatal resistance, sucrose and starch content tended to increase in rice flag leaves at heading stage. However, the Pi content and water potential did not show pronounced change. The flag leaf chloroplasts contained large starch grains after three days at low temperature. The recovery of net photosynthetic rate in the flag leaves which had recieved stress at 16℃ for three days and transferred to normal nature condition was gradually increased. It almost came up to the value of control after five days. However, the decrease in stomatal resistance was rapid. It was almost lowered to the value of control after one day. Under normal nature comdition for five days, the chlorophyll content and FBPase activity reached near to the value of control. Meanwhile, the ratio of chlorophyll a/b, the sucrose and starch content almost declined to the value of control. The large starch grain in flag leaf chloroplast also disappeared. According to the experimental results, we discussed the relationship between the above-mentioned various changes and net photosynthetic rate We suggested that the effect of low temperature on photosynthesis might be one of factors in yield-reduction of rice.

Key words: Low temperature, Rice, Flag leaf, Photosynthesis

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