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J Integr Plant Biol, 1987, 29 (1): -, Research Article
Effects of ABA on Senescence and Cellulase Activity of Detached Rice Leaves
Fang Jian-xiong, Zhang Ying-huang and Guan Ying-qian
The relationship of cellulase to detached leaf senescence of rice seedlings was investigated by examining the effect of ABA and 6-BA on changes in the level of cellulase of leaf segments during senescence. It was shown that the rise in cellulase activity increased with declining chlorophyll content, which was used as the senescence indicator during the senescence of detached rice leaves caused by ABA. The action of ABA took place only after a 48h lag period. ABA enhanced the cellulase secretion and increased the permeability of plasma membrane. A high level of cellulase activity in cell wall closely related to membrane permeability changes. The action of cellulase in the cell wall may cause depolymerization of β-1, 4-glucan in situ, thus speeding senescence. The 6-BA reverses completely or partly the increase in cellulase activity and tile permeability caused by ABA during the first two day, }) ut it antagonized hardly any of the ABA effect from the third day on, suggesting the onset of an irreversible stage in the senescence of detached rice leaves.
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