J Integr Plant Biol. ›› 1986, Vol. 28 ›› Issue (4): -.

• Research Articles •    

Changes m Ethylene Production in Relation to l-Aminocyclopropane-l-Carboxylic Acid and Its Malonyl Conjugate in Waterlogged Wheat Plants

Dong Jian-guo, Yu Shu-wen and Li Zhen-guo   

Abstract: When wheat seedlings were subjected to waterlogging, 1-aminocyelopropane-l-carboxylic acid (ACC), an ethylene precursor, accumulated in large quantity in roots. In shoots, ACC and ethylene production also increased, but declined with the prolonged periods of waterlogging. However, ACC content in roots maintained in high level during the whole period of waterlogging. Drainage caused a drastic drop in both ACC content and ethylene production in waterlogged plants to control level. 1-(malonylamino) cyclopropane-l-carboxylic acid (MACC) level in roots subjected to waterlogging showed little changes. However, MACC content in shoots kept increasing during the 9-days period of waterlogging. At later period of waterlogging (longer than 5 days) when ACC and ethylene production bad dropped, the. level of MACC continued to increase. Draining stopped this increasing, but did not reduced its level. When exogenous ACC was introduced into the leaves via transpiration stream, the ability of leaves of waterlogged plant to convert ACC to MACC was much higher than control. The data presented showed that at the later stage of waterlogging, the conversien of a great quantity of ACC to MACC in waterlogged wheat plants is the cause of the reduction of ethylene production and ACC content. It was suggested that the formation of MACC is another way of regulation in ethylene biosynthesis. Among leaves of different ages, the enhancement of ethylene, ACC and MACC content was more pronounced in older leaves than in younger laves during the waterlogging period. The physiological significance of adaptation to waterlogging stress was discussed.

Key words: Wheat, Waterlogging, Ethylene, 1-Aminocyclopropane-l-carboxylic acid, 1- (Malonylamino) cyclopropane-l-carboxylic acid

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