Author: Mo Yong-sheng and Yang Hong-yuan
J Integr Plant Biol 1991, 33 (9): -.
The two-step osmotic shock and grinding methods reported by Yang and Zhou (1989) were modified for isolation of viable sperm cells in large quantities from pollen grains of Brassica campestris var. purpurea. Factors affecting the yield and survival of isolated sperm cells have been investigated. These included physiological status of donor flowers, sucrose concentration used for pollen hydration, basic media, protectants and osmotica supplemented in the medium etc. As a result, two procedures have been developed. For osmotic shock method, pollen grains at the day of anthesis were hydrated in 25% sucrose solution for 30 min and, after centrifugation and removal of the supernatant, the pellet was shocked by a medium containing 12.5% sucrose, 0.1 g/L KNO3, 0.36 g/L CaCl2, 2H2O, 0.3% potassium dextran sulphate (PDS), 0.6% bovine serum albumin (BSA), and 0.3% polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP). The viable sperm yield was 34%. After removal of pollen wall debris by filtration and centrifugation, the sperm cell-rich pellets were resuspended in a medium containing 20% sucrose, 5% sorbitol, 0.1 g/L KNOs, 0.36g/L CaCl2·2H2O, 0.6% BSA and 0.3% PDS, and preserved at 4℃ for two days. For grinding method, the pollen grains hydrated in 30% sucrose solution for 30 min. were resuspended in a medium containing 20% sucrose, 5% sorbitol, 0.1g/L QNO3, 0.36g/L CaCl2·2H2O, 0.3% PDS, 0.6% BSA, 0.3% PVP and 20 μg/ml fluorescein diacetate, then ground with a glass homogenizer to release the sperm cells. The viable sperm yield was up to 86%. Following filtration and centrifugation for removal of pollen wall debris, the sperm cells were stored at 4℃ in the same medium but without supplementation of PVP. Tested by fluorochromatic reaction, the sperm cells could survive up to one week with a gradual decline of viability. Cytological observations revealed that pairs of ellipsoidal sperm cells just released were linked together; one of the pair had a long tail-like extension which also show fluorochromasia. Soon after, the sperm cells separated and turned to be spherical. The present results open a prospect to use isolated viable sperm cells for further experimental manipulations.