Author: Yunxia Fang, Jiang Hu, Jie Xu, Haiping Yu, Zhenyuan Shi, Guosheng Xiong, Li Zhu, Dali Zeng, Guangheng Zhang, Zhenyu Gao, Guojun Dong, Meixian Yan, Longbiao Guo, Yonghong Wang, and Qian Qian
The aerial parts of higher plants are generated from the shoot apical meristem (SAM). In this study, we isolated a small rice (Oryza sativa L.) mutant that showed premature termination of shoot development and was named mini rice 1 (mini1). The mutant was first isolated from a japonica cultivar Zhonghua11 (ZH11) subjected to ethyl methanesulfonate (EMS) treatment. With bulked segregant analysis (BSA) and map-based cloning method, Mini1 gene was finally fine-mapped to an interval of 48.6 kb on chromosome 9. Sequence analyses revealed a single base substitution from G to A was found in the region, which resulted in an amino acid change from Gly to Asp. The candidate gene Os09g0363900 was predicted to encode a putative adhesion of calyx edges protein ACE (putative HOTHEAD precursor) and genetic complementation experiment confirmed the identity of Mini1. Os09g0363900 contains glucose-methanol-choline (GMC) oxidoreductase and NAD(P)-binding Rossmann-like domain, and exhibits high similarity to Arabidopsis HOTHEAD (HTH). Expression analysis indicated Mini1 was highly expressed in young shoots but lowly in roots and the expression level of most genes involved in auxin biosynthesis and signal transduction were reduced in mutant. We conclude that Mini1 plays an important role in maintaining SAM activity and promoting shoot development in rice.
Fang Y, Hu J, Xu J, Yu H, Shi Z, Xiong G, Zhu L, Zeng D, Zhang G, Gao Z, Dong G, Yan M, Guo L, Wang Y, Qian Q (2015) Identiﬁcation and characterization of Mini1, a gene regulating rice shoot development. J Integr Plant Biol 57: 151–161. doi: 10.1111/jipb.12230