J Integr Plant Biol. ›› 2005, Vol. 47 ›› Issue (6): -.DOI: 10.1111/j.1744-7909.2005.00059.x

• Research Articles •    

Assessment of Genetic Diversities of Selected Laminaria (Laminariales, Phaeophyta) Gametophytes by Inter-Simple Sequence Repeat Analysis

Xiu-Liang WANG, Chen-Lin LIU, Xiao-Jie LI, Yi-Zhou CONG and De-Lin DUAN   

Abstract: Inter-simple sequence repeat (ISSR) analysis was used to assess genetic diversity among 10 pairs of male and female Laminaria gametophytes. A total of 58 amplification loci was obtained from 10 selected ISSR primers, of which 34 revealed polymorphism among the gametophytes. Genetic distances were calculated with the Dice coefficient ranging from 0.006 to 0.223. A dendrogram based on the unweighted pair-group method arithmetic (UPGMA) average showed that most male and female gametophytes of the same species were clustered together and that 10 pairs of gametophytes were divided into four groups. This was generally consistent with the taxonomic categories. The main group consisted of six pairs of gametophytes, which were selected from Laminaria japonica Aresch. by intensive inbreeding through artificial hybridization. One specific marker was cloned, but was not converted successfully into a sequence characterized amplified region (SCAR) marker. Our results demonstrate the feasibility of applying ISSR markers to evaluate Laminaria germplasm diversities.

Key words: gametophytes, genetic analysis, inter-simple sequence repeat, Laminaria, sequence characterized amplified region.

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