J Integr Plant Biol. ›› 2005, Vol. 47 ›› Issue (4): -.DOI: 10.1111/j.1744-7909.2005.00088.x

• Research Articles •    

Starch Mobilization in Ultradried Seed of Maize (Zea mays L.) During Germination

Xiao-Feng WANG, Xin-Ming JING,Jian LIN   

Abstract: The effects of ultradry storage on the starch mobilization in maize (Zea mays L.) seed after aging were investigated. The results indicated that there were no significant differences in the content of ATP, starch, and soluble sugar, as well as the activity of amylase, between ultradried seeds and seeds stored at –20 °C during germination. These results were consistent with the higher level of vigor of the ultradried seed. Sieve tube introduction of a fluorescence dye (carboxyl fluoresceindiacetate) and laser confocal microscopy were used to study the development of plasmodesmata in the ultradried seeds. The results indicated that plasmodesmata developed well in ultradried seeds. Fluorescence analysis also showed that the fluorescence intensity in the radicle of ultradried seeds was stronger than that in seeds with a higher moisture content. This suggests that ultradry treatment has no adverse effects on the seeds. After seed imbibition, cell orgaelles could be resumed. It is concluded that ultradry seed storage is beneficial for maintaining seed vigor and that starchy mobilization proceeds regularly during germination.

Key words: ATP, germination, maize (Zea mays L.), plasmodesmata, starch mobilization, ultradry seed storage.

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