J Integr Plant Biol. ›› 2008, Vol. 50 ›› Issue (3): 345-351.DOI: 10.1111/j.1744-7909.2007.00623.x

• Evolution • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Establishment of a Multi-color GISH Technique to Simultaneously Discriminate the Three Interspecific Hybrid Genomes in Gossypium

Bing Guan, Kai Wang, Baoliang Zhou, Wangzhen Guo, and Tianzhen Zhang   

  • Received:2007-10-31 Accepted:2007-10-31

Abstract: To identify alien chromosome in recipient progenies and analyze genome component in polyploidy, genomic in situ hybridization (GISH) technique suitable for cotton was developed using increased stringency conditions in the study. The increased stringency conditions were a combination of the four factors in the following optimized state: 100:1 ratio of blocking DNA to probe, 60% formamide wash solution, 43°C wash temperature and a 13 min wash. Under these specific conditions using gDNA from Gossypium sturtianum (C1C1) as probe, strong hybridization signals were only on chromosomes from C1 genome in somatic cells of the hybrid F1 (G. hirsutum G. sturtianum) (AtDtC1). So, GISH was able to discriminate parental chromosomes in the hybrid. Further, we developed a multi-color GISH to simultaneously discriminate the three genomes of the above hybrid. The results repeatedly displayed the three genomes, At, Dt, and C1, and each set of chromosomes with a unique color, making them easy to identify. The power of the multi-color GISH was proven by analysis of the hexaploid hybrid F1 (G. hirsutum G. australe(AtAtDtDtG2G2). We believe the powerful multi-color GISH technique could be applied extensively to analyze genome component in polyploidy and identify alien chromosomes in the recipient progenies.

Key words: alien chromosome, cotton, discrimination, interspecific hybrid, multi-color genomic in situ hybridization

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