J Integr Plant Biol. ›› 2014, Vol. 56 ›› Issue (1): 51-62.DOI: 10.1111/jipb.12124

• Research Articles • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Association analysis of fiber quality traits and exploration of elite alleles in Upland cotton cultivars/accessions (Gossypium hirsutum L.)

Caiping Cai, Wenxue Ye, Tianzhen Zhang and Wangzhen Guo*   

  1. State Key Laboratory of Crop Genetics & Germplasm Enhancement, Hybrid Cotton R & D Engineering Research Center, Ministry of Education, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing, China
  • Received:2013-06-01 Accepted:2013-10-28 Published:2014-01-15
  • About author:*Correspondence: E-mail: moelab@njau.edu.cn

Abstract:

Exploring the elite alleles and germplasm accessions related to fiber quality traits will accelerate the breeding of cotton for fiber quality improvement. In this study, 99 Gossypium hirsutum L. accessions with diverse origins were used to perform association analysis of fiber quality traits using 97 polymorphic microsatellite marker primer pairs. A total of 107 significant marker-trait associations were detected for three fiber quality traits under three different environments, with 70 detected in two or three environments and 37 detected in only one environment. Among the 70 significant marker-trait associations, 52.86% were reported previously, implying that these are stable loci for target traits. Furthermore, we detected a large number of elite alleles associated simultaneously with two or three traits. These elite alleles were mainly from accessions collected in China, introduced to China from the United States, or rare alleles with a frequency of less than 5%. No one cultivar contained more than half of the elite alleles, but 10 accessions were collected from China and the two introduced from the United States did contain more than half of these alleles. Therefore, there is great potential for mining elite alleles from germplasm accessions for use in fiber quality improvement in modern cotton breeding.

Cai C, Ye W, Zhang T, Guo W (2014) Association analysis of fiber quality traits and exploration of elite alleles in Upland cotton cultivars/accessions (Gossypium hirsutum L.). J Integr Plant Biol 56: 51–62. doi:
10.1111/jipb.12124

Key words: Association mapping, elite allele, fiber quality, population structure, Upland cotton

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