J Integr Plant Biol. ›› 2016, Vol. 58 ›› Issue (6): 577-589.DOI: 10.1111/jipb.12429

• Molecular Physiology • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Genome-scale analysis of the cotton KCS gene family revealed a binary mode of action for gibberellin A regulated fiber growth

Guang-Hui Xiao1,3, Kun Wang2, Gai Huang1 and Yu-Xian Zhu1,2*   

  1. 1The State Key Laboratory of Protein and Plant Gene Research, College of Life Sciences, Peking University, Beijing, China
    2Institute for Advanced Studies/College of Life Sciences, Wuhan University, Wuhan, China
    3College of Life Sciences, Shaanxi Normal University, Xi'an, China
  • Received:2015-09-02 Accepted:2015-09-22 Published:2015-09-24
  • About author:*Correspondence: E-mail: zhuyx2@pku.edu.cn

Abstract:

Production of β-ketoacyl-CoA, which is catalyzed by 3-ketoacyl-CoA synthase (KCS), is the first step in very long chain fatty acid (VLCFA) biosynthesis. Here we identified 58 KCS genes from Gossypium hirsutum, 31 from G. arboreum and 33 from G. raimondii by searching the assembled cotton genomes. The gene family was divided into the plant-specific FAE1-type and the more general ELO-type. KCS transcripts were widely expressed and 32 of them showed distinct subgenome-specific expressions in one or more cotton tissues/organs studied. Six GhKCS genes rescued the lethality of elo2Δelo3Δ yeast double mutant, indicating that this gene family possesses diversified functions. Most KCS genes with GA-responsive elements (GAREs) in the promoters were significantly upregulated by gibberellin A3 (GA). Exogenous GA3 not only promoted fiber length, but also increased the thickness of cell walls significantly. GAREs present also in the promoters of several cellulose synthase (CesA) genes required for cell wall biosynthesis and they were all induced significantly by GA3. Because GA treatment resulted in longer cotton fibers with thicker cell walls and higher dry weight per unit cell length, we suggest that it may regulate fiber elongation upstream of the VLCFA-ethylene pathway and also in the downstream steps towards cell wall synthesis.

Key words: 3-Ketoacyl-CoA synthase, cotton, expression patterns, gibberellins, very long chain fatty acids

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