J Integr Plant Biol ›› 2009, Vol. 51 ›› Issue (6): 529-536.DOI: 10.1111/j.1744-7909.2009.00830.x

• Cell and Developmental Biology •     Next Articles

Localization and Dynamic Change of Saponin in Vegetative Organs of Polygala tenuifolia

Hong-Mei Teng1,2, Min-Feng Fang1, Xia Cai1 and Zheng-Hai Hu1*   

  1. 1 Key Laboratory of Resource Biology and Biotechnology in West China (Northwest University), Ministry of Education, Xi'an 710069, China
    2 Department of Life Sciences, Yuncheng College, Yuncheng 044000, China
  • Received:2008-10-11 Accepted:2009-03-10 Published:2009-06-08
  • About author:
    *Author for correspondence Tel: +86 29 8830 2684; Fax: +86 29 8830 3572; E-mail: zhenghaihu@sina.com

Abstract:

Anatomical, histochemical and phytochemical methods were used to investigate the structure, localization and dynamic changes of total saponin and senegenin of vegetative organs in Polygala tenuifolia Willd. Histochemical localization results showed that saponin accumulated mainly in parenchyma cells of vegetative organs. The phytochemical results also showed that the saponin accumulated in the vegetative organs of P. tenuifolia, with higher content in roots and lower content in the aerial parts that included stems and leaves. The saponin content and dry weight of the vegetative organs of P. tenuifolia had dynamic variance at the developmental stages and all reached the highest level in the post-fruit period. Hence, the roots and aerial parts should be gathered in August to make full use of the plant. As the root is the main medicinal organ of P. tenuifolia, the content of total saponin and senegenin of different aged and different parts of the root were determined. The content of total saponin and senegenin exhibited a sustained decreasing trend with increasing root age; therefore, the annual roots had high quality. The content of total saponin and senegenin in different parts of the root showed obvious variation. The content in the "skin areas" was much higher than that of xylem. The results offer a theoretical basis for determining the appropriate harvesting stage and a reasonable harvest of P. tenuifolia.

Teng HM, Fang MF, Cai X, Hu ZH (2009). Localization and dynamic change of saponin in vegetative organs of Polygala tenuifolia. J. Integr. Plant,/em> Biol. 51(6), 529–536.

Key words: dynamic change, localization, Polygala tenuifolia, saponin, senegenin, structure, vegetative organs.

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