J Integr Plant Biol. ›› 2011, Vol. 53 ›› Issue (10): 835-844.DOI: 10.1111/j.1744-7909.2011.01074.x

Special Issue: Rice Genomics and Agriculture

• Plant-environmental Interactions • Previous Articles    

Gene Expression Profile Changes in Germinating Rice

Dongli He1, Chao Han1,2 and Pingfang Yang1*   

  1. 1Key Laboratory of Plant Germplasm Enhancement and Specialty Agriculture, Wuhan Botanical Garden, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Wuhan 430074, China
    2Graduate University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Received:2011-06-07 Accepted:2011-09-01 Published:2011-09-12
  • About author:*Corresponding author Tel: +86 27 8751 0956; Fax: +86 27 8751 0956; E-mail: yangpf@wbgcas.cn


Water absorption is a prerequisite for seed germination. During imbibition, water influx causes the resumption of many physiological and metabolic processes in growing seed. In order to obtain more complete knowledge about the mechanism of seed germination, two-dimensional gel electrophoresis was applied to investigate the protein profile changes of rice seed during the first 48 h of imbibition. Thirty-nine differentially expressed proteins were identified, including 19 down-regulated and 20 up-regulated proteins. Storage proteins and some seed development- and desiccation-associated proteins were down regulated. The changed patterns of these proteins indicated extensive mobilization of seed reserves. By contrast, catabolism-associated proteins were up regulated upon imbibition. Semi-quantitative real time polymerase chain reaction analysis showed that most of the genes encoding the down- or up-regulated proteins were also down or up regulated at mRNA level. The expression of these genes was largely consistent at mRNA and protein levels. In providing additional information concerning gene regulation in early plant life, this study will facilitate understanding of the molecular mechanisms of seed germination.

Keywords: rice seed; two-dimensional gel electrophoresis; matrix assisted laser desorption; ionization time of flight; semi-quantitative real time polymerase chain reaction; germination; proteomics; imbibition.

He D, Han C, Yang P (2011) Gene expression profile changes in germinating rice. J. Integr. Plant Biol. 53(10), 835–844.

Key words: germination, imbibition, ionization-time of flight, matrix assisted laser desorption, proteomics, rice seed, semi-quantitative real time polymerase chain reaction, two-dimensional gel electrophoresis

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