J Integr Plant Biol. ›› 2015, Vol. 57 ›› Issue (11): 925-935.DOI: 10.1111/jipb.12345

• Research Articles • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Micro-trichome as a class I homeodomain-leucine zipper gene regulates multicellular trichome development in Cucumis sativus

Jun-Long Zhao, Jun-Song Pan, Yuan Guan, Wei-Wei Zhang, Bei-Bei Bie, Yun-Li Wang, Huan-Le He, Hong-Li Lian and Run Cai*   

  1. School of Agriculture and Biology, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, China
  • Received:2014-10-27 Accepted:2015-02-27 Published:2015-11-01
  • About author:*Correspondence: E-mail: cairun@sjtu.edu.cn

Abstract:

Plant trichomes serve as a highly suitable model for investigating cell differentiation at the single-cell level. The regulatory genes involved in unicellular trichome development in Arabidopsis thaliana have been intensively studied, but genes regulating multicellular trichome development in plants remain unclear. Here, we characterized Cucumis sativus (cucumber) trichomes as representative multicellular and unbranched structures, and identified Micro-trichome (Mict), using map-based cloning in an F2 segregating population of 7,936 individuals generated from a spontaneous mict mutant. In mict plants, trichomes in both leaves and fruits, are small, poorly developed, and denser than in the wild type. Sequence analysis revealed that a 2,649-bp genomic deletion, spanning the first and second exons, occurred in a plant-specific class I homeodomain-leucine zipper gene. Tissue-specific expression analysis indicated that Mict is strongly expressed in the trichome cells. Transcriptome profiling identified potential targets of Mict including putative homologs of genes known in other systems to regulate trichome development, meristem determinacy, and hormone responsiveness. Phylogenic analysis charted the relationships among putative homologs in angiosperms. Our paper represents initial steps toward understanding the development of multicellular trichomes.

 

Zhao JL, Pan JS, Guan Y, Zhang WW, Bie BB, Wang YL, He HL, Lian HL, Cai R (2015) Micro-trichome as a class I homeodomain-leucine zipper gene regulates multicellular trichome development in Cucumis sativus. J Integr Plant Biol 57: 925–935 doi: 10.1111/jipb.12345

Key words: Cucumis sativus, HD-Zip gene, map-based cloning, multicellular trichome, transcriptome

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