J Integr Plant Biol. ›› 2016, Vol. 58 ›› Issue (9): 772-785.DOI: 10.1111/jipb.12440

Special Issue: Rice Genomics and Agriculture

• Cell and Developmental Biology • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Rice caryopsis development I: Dynamic changes in different cell layers

Xiaoba Wu, Jinxin Liu, Dongqi Li and Chun-Ming Liu*   

  1. Key Laboratory of Plant Molecular Physiology, Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100093, China
  • Received:2015-07-15 Accepted:2015-10-09 Published:2015-10-16
  • About author:*Correspondence: E-mail: cmliu@ibcas.ac.cn


Rice caryopsis as one of the most important food sources for humans has a complex structure that is composed of maternal tissues including the pericarp and testa and filial tissues including the endosperm and embryo. Although rice caryopsis studies have been conducted previously, a systematic characterization throughout the entire developmental process is still lacking. In this study, detailed morphological examinations of caryopses were made during the entire 30-day developmental process. We observed some rapid changes in cell differentiation events and cataloged how cellular degeneration processes occurred in maternal tissues. The differentiations of tube cells and cross cells were achieved by 9 days after pollination (DAP). In the testa, the outer integument was degenerated by 3 DAP, while the outer layer of the inner integument degenerated by 7 DAP. In the nucellus, all tissues with the exception of the nucellar projection and the nucellar epidermis degenerated in the first 5 DAP. By 21 DAP, all maternal tissues, including vascular bundles, the nucellar projection and the nucellar epidermal cells were degenerated. In summary, this study provides a complete atlas of the dynamic changes in cell differentiation and degeneration for individual maternal cell layers of rice caryopsis.

Key words: Rice, caryopsis, maternal tissue, cell layers, differentiation, degeneration

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