J Integr Plant Biol. ›› 2001, Vol. 43 ›› Issue (3): 261-266.

• Research Articles • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Leaf Volatiles Induced by Mechanical Damage from Diverse Taxonomic Tree Species

PING Li-Yan, SHEN Ying-Bai, JIN You-Ju, HAO Jian-Hua   


Plant volatiles induced by wounding play key roles in plant-insect and plant-plant interactions. To deeply understand the mechanism of their induction by wounding and their functions in interplant communications, four diverse tree species: ashleaf maples ( Acer negundo L.), hankow willow ( Salix matsudana Koidz.), Chinese white poplar ( Populus tomentosa Carr.) and poplar opera 8277 ( P. simonii×P. pyramibalis cv.), were used as materials. The blends of volatiles collected after damage were detected with GC-MS. Most of the induced compounds reach high concentrations in 5 h. They are acyclic monoterpenes, fatty acid derivatives, and aromatic compounds. To authors' knowledge, dimethyl adipate, diisobutyl succinate and benthothiazole have never been reported in previous herbivore insect-plant systems. After being damaged 2 h, green leaf volatiles were released in large amount. The repellents were detected in higher concentration after 24 h. The time of releasing is different within different species, but many kinds of volatiles widely existed in different trees. There were some difference among species. Health ashleaf maple released more terpenoids, but poplars and willow produced more aromatic compounds.

平立岩1  沈应柏1*  金幼菊1 郝建华2

(1. 北京林业大学生物学院,北京10008;2.  北京林业大学资源与环境学院,北京100083)

摘要: 植物创伤诱导挥发物在植物与昆虫、植物与植物之间的相互关系中起着非常重要的信号作用。为了深入了解其诱导机制并探讨植株间信号传导 ,选择了复叶槭 (Acernegundo L .)、旱柳 (Salixmatsudana Koidz.)、毛白杨(Populustomentosa Carr.)、合作杨 (P .simonii×P .pyramibalis cv .)等 4个树种 ,利用气相色谱质谱联用技术对人为损伤后的挥发物变化情况进行了研究。多数诱导挥发物在 5h左右达到高峰 ,主要是开环单萜、脂肪酸衍生物和芳香族化合物。己二酸二甲酯、丁二酸二异丁酯、苯骈噻唑在以前的昆虫 草本植物系统中未见报道。损伤 2h后绿叶气味即已大量产生 ,其他化合物变化不大。驱避物质 2 4h后挥发量很大。不同树种在释放时间上也存在明显差异 ,但有些化合物广泛存在于不同树种。挥发物在种间存在差异 ,正常的复叶槭挥发大量的萜烯 ,而杨柳产生苯系物较多。

关键词: 挥发物;损伤;气相色谱质谱联用技术;萜烯化合物;脂肪酸衍生物;芳香族化合物

Key words: volatiles, damage, GC-MS, terpenoid, fatty acid derivative, aromatic compound

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