J Integr Plant Biol. ›› 2001, Vol. 43 ›› Issue (4): 380-384.

• Research Articles • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Production of Active Oxygen Species from Taxus cuspidata Induced by Far-UV Radiation (in English)

JIN Yue-Hua, DU Ying-Jun, LIU Gui-Zhen   

Abstract:

In order to understand the role of active oxygen species in mediating plant injuries induced by far-UV radiation, seedlings of Taxus cuspidata Sieb. et Zucc. were irradiated by far-UV rays in laboratory for 4 weeks. The production of organic free-radicals in detached needles, and the production of O-·2 and 1O2 in isolated chloroplasts were detected weekly by electron spin resonance (ESR) to evaluate their relative importance. The results show that the cumulative effect of far-UV irradiation, is best indicated by the production of organic free radicals in the needles, O-·2 production in chloroplasts is the next. The enhancement of 1O2 production in chloroplasts by the cumulative far-UV irradiation seems to be not so important as O-·2 in mediating injuries induced by far-UV radiation because of its high background value.

远紫外辐射诱导紫杉产生的活性氧
靳月华1 杜英君1 刘桂珍2

(1. 中国科学院沈阳应用生态研究所,沈阳110015;2.  中国科学院长春应用化学研究所,长春1

30022)

摘要:为了解活性氧和自由基在介导远紫外辐射对植物伤害上的作用 ,在实验室内用远紫外线源对紫杉 (Taxuscuspidata Sieb .etZucc .)苗进行了 4周的辐射处理。每周取样 ,对针叶的有机自由基及离体叶绿体的O-·2 和1O2 分别进行了电子自旋共振 (ESR)检测 ,以了解它们各自的相对重要性。结果表明针叶的有机自由基水平最能说明远紫外辐射剂量的积累效应。其次是叶绿体产生的O-·2 。叶绿体产生的1O2 也随辐照时间的增加而略有增加 ,但由于本底数值过高 ,它在介导远紫外辐射引起的伤害上可能不如O-·2 重要

关键词: 远紫外辐射;紫杉;活性氧;自由基

Key words: far-UV radiation, Taxus cuspidata , active oxygen, free-radical

Editorial Office, Journal of Integrative Plant Biology, Institute of Botany, CAS
No. 20 Nanxincun, Xiangshan, Beijing 100093, China
Tel: +86 10 6283 6133 Fax: +86 10 8259 2636 E-mail: jipb@ibcas.ac.cn
Copyright © 2021 by the Institute of Botany, the Chinese Academy of Sciences
Online ISSN: 1744-7909 Print ISSN: 1672-9072 CN: 11-5067/Q
备案号:京ICP备16067583号-22