J Integr Plant Biol. ›› 2002, Vol. 44 ›› Issue (1): 67-71.

• Research Articles • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Cloning and Expression Analysis of Triose Phosphate/Phosphate Translocator Gene from Wheat

WANG Qing-Mei, CHEN Jia, WANG Xue-Chen, SHA Wei and SUN Jin-Yue   


Triose phosphate translocator (TPT) is located in the inner membrane of plant chloroplasts.It catalyzes the counter exchange of triose phosphate/3-phosphoglycerate and phosphate. To obtain the basic information on the structure-function relation, a cDNA encoding the complete precursor of the triose phosphate translocator has been isolated from wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) by RACE (rapid amplification of cDNA ends) strategies. The wheat TPT cDNA encodes a precursor protein of 402 amino acid residues with a deduced molecular weight of 43 kD. A putative processing site between Ala-78 and Ala-79 of the precursor protein is suggested by comparison with those of the TPTs from spinach (Spinacia oleracea Mill.) and maize (Zea mays L.). The mature part of wheat TPT consists of 324 amino acid with a molecular weight of 35 kD, which share 89% identity with maize TPT. The amino acids Lys-274 and Arg-275(mature protein) which is regarded as the substrate-binding site, are both conserved in plant TPTs. The gene expression analysis for leaves, coleoptiles, roots and seeds of wheat showed that the TPT transcript was only detectable in leaves and coleoptiles. No apparent expression signal was detected in the roots and seeds. This indicated that the expression of wheat TPT might be restricted to green tissues.


王庆梅 陈珈* 王学臣 沙伟 孙金月

(1. 中国农业大学生物学院, 植物生理学与生物化学国家重点实验室, 北京 100094)

摘要:利用RT-PCR方法以及RACE(rapid amplification of cDNA ends)策略,从小麦(Triticum aestivum L.) 幼苗叶片中克隆了编码磷酸丙糖转运器(TPT)的全长cDNA.序列分析结果表明,小麦TPT cDNA编码402个氨基酸的前体蛋白,其中信号肽含有78个氨基酸.成熟蛋白部分与玉米(Zea mays L.)TPT有很高的同源性(89%).推测小麦TPT成熟蛋白有8个跨膜区,形成双亲α-螺旋的跨膜结构.位于第7个跨膜区的Arg-274Lys-275可能是底物结合位点.比较TPT基因在小麦幼苗的根、胚芽鞘、叶片和种子中的表达差异表明:TPT基因在叶片、胚芽鞘中均有表达,但在胚芽鞘中的表达量较低,在种子和根中未见有表达.由此看来,小麦TPT的基因可能只局限在绿色组织中表达.还就C3C4植物TPT不同的底物特异性问题进行了讨论

关键词: 磷酸丙糖转运器   cDNA 克隆   小麦

*通讯作者 Email: chenja@public.bta.net.cn


Key words: triose phosphate/phosphate translocator, cDNA cloning, wheat

Editorial Office, Journal of Integrative Plant Biology, Institute of Botany, CAS
No. 20 Nanxincun, Xiangshan, Beijing 100093, China
Tel: +86 10 6283 6133 Fax: +86 10 8259 2636 E-mail: jipb@ibcas.ac.cn
Copyright © 2022 by the Institute of Botany, the Chinese Academy of Sciences
Online ISSN: 1744-7909 Print ISSN: 1672-9072 CN: 11-5067/Q