J Integr Plant Biol. ›› 2002, Vol. 44 ›› Issue (10): 1250-1254.

• Research Articles • Previous Articles     Next Articles

The Occurrence of Longfengshania in the Early Cambrian from Haikou, Yunnan, China

XU Zhao Liang    

Abstract:

Well preserved Early Cambrian small individual megascopic carbonaceous algal fossils have been found from the Chengjiang Biota. This paper deals with the new megascopic algal fossils in the Early Cambrian also from Chengjiang Biota at Ercai Village, Haikou, Kunming, Yunnan, southwest China. Two new taxa,Longfengshania cordata sp. nov. and Plantulaformis sinensis gen. et sp. nov. are described here in detail. These new findings show that the Chengjiang Biota is high in species diversity of fossil algae and might offer new evidence for a better understanding of the Cambrian explosive biological evolution. Moreover, the fossils described here might belong to the megaalgal fossils according to detailed morphological study on the relationships of Longfengshania. Additionally, the occurrence of Longfengshania in the early Cambrian and the Neoproterozoic probably indicates a wide ecological tolerance and flexibility and apparently reflects its evolutionary conservation and a high degree of inherent genetic stability.

龙凤山藻在澄江早寒武世生物群中的发现
徐兆良
(中国科学院植物研究所,北京100093)

摘要: 主要报道了产自云南昆明海口耳材村早寒武世筇竹寺组玉案山段澄江生物群中可能为自由漂浮生长的宏观藻类化石———心型龙凤山藻 (新种 ) (Longfengshaniacordata sp .nov .)和中华豆芽藻 (新属、新种 ) (Plantulaformissinensis gen .etsp .nov .)。这些化石的发现进一步显示了澄江生物群物种多样性 ,为揭示该生物群爆发性演化提供了新的证据。通过对龙凤山藻属亲缘关系的深入比较研究 ,进一步证明该类化石应归属宏观藻类以及它们遗传上的稳定性、演化上的保守性和环境上的适应性。
 

关键词: 昆明海口;早寒武世;藻类化石

Key words: Haikou of Kunming, Early Cambrian, algal fossils

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