J Integr Plant Biol. ›› 2002, Vol. 44 ›› Issue (7): 799-803.

• Research Articles • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Effect of Sound Stimulation on the Lipid Physical States and Metabolism of Plasma Membrane from Chrysanthemum Callus

ZHAO Hu-Cheng, WANG Bo-Chu, CAI Shao-Xi and XI Bao-Shu   

Abstract:

Plasma membrane vesicles of chrysanthemum (Dendranthema morifolium (Ramat.) Tzvel.) callus was purified by sucrose gradient centrifugation to investigate the influence of sound stimulation on the lipid physical states and metabolism of plasma membrane. The results showed that sound stimulation decreased the content of phosphodiesters and the fluorescent intensity of DPH, but increased the light scattering value of the membrane, the fluorescent intensity of MC540 and the content of phosphomonoesters, indicating that the vesicles got looser, the charge density and hydrophobicity of membrane surface decreased under sound stimulation of some strength and frequency. However, the membrane fluidity increased under the condition. Meanwhile, the anabolism of membrane lipid increased and the catabolism decreased. It can be seen that the physical state and metabolism of membrane lipid is sensitive to sound stimulation.

声波刺激对菊花愈伤组织膜脂物理状态和膜脂代谢的影响
赵虎成1,2*  王伯初2 蔡绍皙2 席葆树1

(1. 清华大学工程力学系生物力学研究室,北京100084;
2. 重庆大学生物工程学院教育部生物力学与组织工程重点实验室,重庆400044)

摘要: 以蔗糖梯度法纯化的菊花(Dendranthema morifolium (Ramat.) Tzvel.)愈伤组织质膜微囊为材料,研究了声波刺激下质膜膜脂代谢和物理状态的变化.结果表明, 一定强度(100 dB)和频率(1 000 Hz)的声波刺激使质膜磷酸二脂含量和二苯己三烯(DPH)荧光偏振值降低,质膜光散射值、MC540荧光强度和磷酸单脂含量增加.表明一定强度和频率的声波刺激使质膜变疏松,膜的流动性增加,膜表面电荷密度和疏水性降低,膜脂合成代谢增加,分解代谢减弱.由此可见,膜脂物理状态和膜脂代谢对声波刺激极为敏感.

关键词: 菊花愈伤组织;质膜;声波刺激

Key words: chrysanthemum (Dendranthema morifolium) callus, plasma membrane, sound stimulation

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