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J Integr Plant Biol, 2004, 46 (1): 1-9, Research Article
Abscisic Acid and Antioxidant Defense in Plant Cells
JIANG Ming-Yi, ZHANG Jian-Hua

Water stress is one of the most important environmental factors that affect plant growth and development, and limit plant production. Plants can respond and adapt to water stress by perceiving the stimulus, generating and transmitting the signals, and initiating various defense mechanisms. The plant hormone abscisic acid (ABA), as a stress signal, plays important roles in the regulation of plant responses to water stress. ABA not only regulates water balance by inducing stomatal closure, but also enhances water stress tolerance by inducing the expression of genes that encode dehydration tolerance proteins. Increasing evidence indicates that ABA-enhanced water stress tolerance is related to the induction of antioxidant defense systems by ABA. In this review, recent advances on the roles of ABA in the induction of the generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS), the expression of antioxidant enzyme genes, and the capacity of antioxidant defense systems are presented. Special attention is given to the cross-talk mecha-nisms between Ca2+ and ROS that originates from NADPH oxidase in the ABA-induced antioxidant defense in plants.

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