J Integr Plant Biol. ›› 2004, Vol. 46 ›› Issue (4): 489-496.

• Research Articles • Previous Articles     Next Articles

High-Molecular-Weight Glutenin Subunit Genesin in Decaploid Agropyron elongatum

FENG De-Shun, CHEN Fan-Guo, ZHAO Shuang-Yi, XIA Guang-Min   

Abstract:

Seven genes encoding glutenin subunits that present in Agropyron elongatum (Host) Nevski were cloned by PCR analysis and named AgeloG1 to AgeloG7. The complete open reading frames (ORFs) of the seven genes were amplified with primers special for high-molecular-weight (HMW) glutenin subunit genes and subsequently cloned and sequenced. Five of them were completely sequenced, and the other two (AgeloG1 and AgeloG4) were sequenced at the two ends only. Comparison of amino acid sequences suggested that the primary structure of the subunits encoded by the seven genes was very similar to that of y-type HMW glutenin subunits published from wheat, though four of them (AgeloG4, AgeloG5, AgeloG6 and AgeloG7) were shorter than 1.8 kb. Phylogenetic analysis of the five completely sequenced genes and those subunit genes of Triticum aestivum L. (AABBDD), Aegilops tauschii Coss. (DD), Aegilops caudata L. (CC), Secale cereale L. (RR) and Aegilops umbellulata Zhuk. (UU) indicated that the AgeloG2 was most closely related to 1Dy; the AgeloG3 was to 1By; the AgeloG5, AgeloG6 and AgeloG7 were to 1Ay.

Key words: Agropyron elongatum , HMW glutenin subunit, coding sequence, PCR, evolution

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