J Integr Plant Biol. ›› 2013, Vol. 55 ›› Issue (9): 835-846.DOI: 10.1111/jipb.12077

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Targeting and Regulation of Cell Wall Synthesis During Tip Growth in Plants

Fangwei Gu and Erik Nielsen*   

  1. Department of Molecular, Cellular, and Developmental Biology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA
  • Received:2013-03-19 Accepted:2013-05-20 Published:2013-09-01
  • About author:*Corresponding author: Email: nielsene@umich.edu


Root hairs and pollen tubes are formed through tip growth, a process requiring synthesis of new cell wall material and the precise targeting and integration of these components to a selected apical plasma membrane domain in the growing tips of these cells. Presence of a tip-focused calcium gradient, control of actin cytoskeleton dynamics, and formation and targeting of secretory vesicles are essential to tip growth. Similar to cells undergoing diffuse growth, cellulose, hemicelluloses, and pectins are also deposited in the growing apices of tip-growing cells. However, differences in the manner in which these cell wall components are targeted and inserted in the expanding portion of tip-growing cells is reflected by the identification of elements of the plant cell wall synthesis machinery which have been shown to play unique roles in tip-growing cells. In this review, we summarize our current understanding of the tip growth process, with a particular focus on the subcellular targeting of newly synthesized cell wall components, and their roles in this form of plant cell expansion.

Gu F, Nielsen E (2013) Targeting and regulation of cell wall synthesis during tip growth in plants. J. Integr. Plant Biol. 55(9), 835–846.

Key words: Cellulose, membrane trafficking, plant cell wall, pollen tube, root hair, tip growth

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