J Integr Plant Biol. ›› 2003, Vol. 45 ›› Issue (12): 1434-1441.

• Research Articles • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Activation of Plasma Membrane NADPH Oxidase and Generation of H2O2 Mediate the Induction of PAL Activity and Saponin Synthesis by Endogenous Elicitor in Suspension-Cultured Cells of Panax ginseng

HU Xiang-Yang, Steven J NEILL, CAI Wei-Ming , TANG Zhang-Cheng   


Endogenous elicitor, termed cellulase-degraded cell wall (CDW), was prepared from the cell wall of suspension-cultured ginseng (Panax ginseng C.A. Meyer) cells via cellulase degradation. CDW acti-vated the NADPH oxidase activity of isolated plasma membranes and stimulated in vivo H2O2 generation in ginseng cell suspensions. CDW also increased the activity of phenylalanine ammonia lyase (PAL), expres-sion of a P. ginseng squalene epoxidase (sqe) gene and saponin synthesis. NADPH oxidase inhibitors inhib-ited both in vitro NADPH oxidase activity and in vivo H2O2 generation. Induction of PAL activity, saponin synthesis and sqe gene expression were all inhibited by such inhibitor treatments and reduced by incuba-tion with catalase and H2O2 scavengers. These data indicate that activation of NADPH oxidase and genera-tion of H2O2 are essential signalling events mediating defence responses induced by the endogenous elicitor(s) present in CDW.


Key words: plasma membrane, NADPH oxidase, H2O2, elicitor, Panax ginseng

Editorial Office, Journal of Integrative Plant Biology, Institute of Botany, CAS
No. 20 Nanxincun, Xiangshan, Beijing 100093, China
Tel: +86 10 6283 6133 Fax: +86 10 8259 2636 E-mail: jipb@ibcas.ac.cn
Copyright © 2022 by the Institute of Botany, the Chinese Academy of Sciences
Online ISSN: 1744-7909 Print ISSN: 1672-9072 CN: 11-5067/Q