J Integr Plant Biol. ›› 1994, Vol. 36 ›› Issue (2): -.

• Research Articles •    

Positional Shift Between the Vegetative Nucleus and the Generative Cell in Amaryllis Pollen Tube

Zhu Cheng, Gao Ming-geng and Hu Shi-yi   

Abstract: A modified technique, FITC-tubulin immunofluorescence and DAPI localization to demonstrate simultaneously both the generative cell (GC) and the vegetative nucleus (VN) in the pollen tube under ultra-violet excitation, was developed sucessfully. During the germination of the pollen tube of Amaryllis vittata Ait. the GC and the VN, either being the first one, entered the tube within the first 1—2 h from the pollen grain. However, before the time of GC division, the VN was always positioned distally near the tip of the tube. In case when the GC entered the tube first, then the VN must have a positional shift in order to pass over the GC. The detail processes of positional shift between the GC and the VN were observed. Three basic processes were demonstrated: 1. The anterior end of the VN first reached the vicinity of the posterior attenuated extension of the GC about 2 h following germination forming a temporal physical association. Sometimes their both ends could be inserted into one another for certain extent. 2. The whole VN moved forward and contacted in parallel with the GC until they became twisted together and 3. The VN passed over the GC and greatly elongted lengthwise. Its posterior part became inserted into the anterior end of the GC. The behavior of positional shift between the VN and the GC in the pollen tube seems to be an adjustment of their diameters to fit the narrow tube. A conclusion may be drawn that the rate of movement between the VN and the GC was apparently different during the passage through the tube. Such difference may presumably be accompanied by the independent motive mechanism and structural difference between the VN and GC themselves, which provide their motive force for movement in the tube.

Key words: Amaryllis vittata, Pollen tube, Generative cell, Vegetative cell, Positional shift

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