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J Integr Plant Biol, 1995, 37 (9): -, Research Article
Accumulation of Superoxide Radical in Corn Leaves During Waterlogging
Yan Bin, Dai Qiu-jie, Liu Xiao-zhong, Huang Shao-bai and Wang Zhi-xia
doi:
Abstract
The changes in superoxide (O2-) production, hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) content and active oxygen scavenging system in corn (Zea mays L. ) leaves under waterlogging stress were investigated to explore the relationship between O2- accumulation and waterlogging injury. Corn plants were grown in pots in a controlled environment. The results showed that prolonged waterlogging treatment conducted at 4-leaf stage caused a significant increase in the production of O2- and H2O2, while the extent of O2- change was more than that of H2O2. Malondialdehyde (MDA) accumulation, chlorophyll loss and electrolye leakage were positively correlated with O2- production in corn waterlogged leaves. Foliage spraying with 0. 1 mmol/L paraquat (02- producer) at the start of waterlogging treatment led to a significant increase in 02-, H202 and MDA levels. The addition of DDTC (SOD activity inhibitor) aggravated 02- formation in waterlogged leaves. Waterlogging apperantly reduced the activities of SOD. catalase (CAT), ascorbate peroxidase (AP) and the concentrations of ascorbic acid (ASA) and glutathione (GSH). It was noted that the decline in SOD activity proceeded the diminishment of H2O2 scavengers in chloroplasts (i. e. AP, AsA and GSH). The present findings suggest that O2- is involved in waterlogging damage, and excessive accumulation of 02- is due to the reduced SOD activity.
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