J Integr Plant Biol. ›› 1995, Vol. 37 ›› Issue (3): -.

• Research Articles •    

Influence Factors of in Situ Hybridization in Triticeae

Zhang De-yu, Zhong Shao-bin, Li Hao-bing and Yao Jing-xia   

Abstract: In order to increase the efficiency, accuracy, fidelity and reliability of in situ hybridization to identify the alien chromosomes and chromosome fragments in triticeae, major steps including probe labelling, chromosome denaturation, DNA concentration for blocking and post-hybridization washing in in situ hybridization were optimized. The results are as fel-lows. (1) The cloned repetitive DNA sequence could be biotin labelled more efficiently by nick translation than by random oligonucleotide labelling method: whereas the random oligonucleotide labelling is more suitable for genomic DNA probe and the labelling efficiency could be increased by prolonging the labelling time appropriately. (2) Denaturation of the biotinylated probe and chromosomes together in oven at 75 ℃ showed the satisfactory results of in situ hybridization, but the contour of treated rye chromosomes often became blurred when the temperature of denaturation was higher than 85℃. When 70% formamide (in 2 × SSC) was used to denature the chromosome DNA, rye chromosomes often swelled although the biotinylated signals could be detected. (3) The unlabeled DNA concentrations for blocking were tested in genomic in situ hybridization to detect the Haynaldia villosa chromosomes with biotin labelled H. villosa genomic DNA as probe. The best contrast between H. villosa and wheat chromosomes was obtained without using the blocking DNA (unlabeled wheat genomic DNA). (4) Post-hybridization washes were carried out in 50% formamide (in 2 × SSC) or in 2 × SSC at different temperature. When the post-hybridization washing temperature were increased gradually from room temperature to 42℃ in 50% formamide (in 2 × SSC). specific in situ hybridization signals on chromosome in triticeae were observed using both biotinylated repetitive DNA and genomic DNA as probe. With the improved resolution of this protocol, in situ hybridization would be widely applied to wheat breeding and genetics researches.

Key words: Biotin, Triticeae, Exogenous chromosome, In situ hybridization

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