J Integr Plant Biol. ›› 1996, Vol. 38 ›› Issue (3): -.

• Research Articles •    

Photoinhibition of Photosynthesis Without Net Loss of D1 Protein in Wheat Leaves Under Field Conditions

Guo Lian-wang, Xu Da-quan and Shen Yun-gang   

Abstract: To determine whether the net loss of D1 protein is the main cause of photoinhibition of photosynthesis in wheat leaves under field conditions in the absence of any environmental stress other than strong sunlight, the D1 protein content, photosynthetic evolution of oxygen and chlorophyll a fluorescence parameters were measured in field grown wheat leaves. After exposure to midday strong light for about 3 h, apparent photosynthetic quantum efficiency (Φ), Fv/Fm and Fo in wheat leaves declined, and these parameters recovered almost completely 1 h after transfer to the weak light of 30~40 ttmol photons · m-2 · s-1. No evident change in the D1 protein content was observed in the leaves after exposure to midday strong light for 3 h. After 3 hours exposure to strong light, the slow-relaxed fluorescence quenching in the leaves treated with streptomycin (SM) increased much more than that in the control leaves, but there was no effect SM on the recovery of Fv/Fm and F0; dithiothretol (DTT) treatment enhanced photoinhibition of photosynthesis and reduced the D1 protein content in the leaves after exposure to midday strong light. These results indicated that under field conditions with no environmental stress other than strong sunlight, photoinhibition of photosynthesis in wheat leaves was not due to the net loss of D1 protein, and it could be attributed mainly by the increased nonradiative energy dissipation.

Key words: D1 protein, Photoinhibition, Nonradiative energy dissipation, Xanthophyll cycle, Triticum aestivum

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