J Integr Plant Biol. ›› 2002, Vol. 44 ›› Issue (7): 775-781.

• Research Articles • Previous Articles     Next Articles

ACC and MACC Biosynthesis and Ethylene Production in Water-Stressed Spring Wheat

CHEN Kun-Ming, GONG Hai-Jun, CHEN Guo-Cang and ZHANG Cheng-Lie   

Abstract:

Changes of ACC and MACC levels, ACC synthase activity as well as ethylene production in the leaves of two spring wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) cultivars 8139 (with relatively low drought resistance) and 504 (with relatively high drought resistance) during water stress were determined. The levels of ACC and MACC in both cultivars decreased in the first 24 h of water stress and increased in the second 24 h while the activities of ACC synthase increased continuously throughout the entire period of treatment (48 h). As water stress progressed, ethylene production decreased continuously in cv. 8139 but remarkably increased earlier and decreased later in the cv. 504. Moreover, the decrease in RWC of stressed leaves was greater and the changes in ACC and MACC levels as well as ACC synthase activity were higher in the drought sensitive cv. 8139 than in the drought resistant cv. 504 during water stress. The levels of ACC and MACC, activities of ACC synthase and productions of ethylene in the stressed leaves in two cultivars were significantly altered by the application of MGBG (an inhibitor of SAMDC) and AOA (an inhibitor of ACC synthase) where their effects on these items were almost opposite. They were increased by the former inhibitor but reduced by the latter. All of these results suggested that the level of ethylene production in plants did not depend on the level of ACC during water stress. The increase in the level of ethylene in the drought resistant cultivar during the earlier period of water stress might be a phenomenon of adaptation to water stress and be correlated with the development of the drought tolerance in plants and playing role in the transduction of stress signal. The role of MACC, however, was primarily in the regulation of ethylene production under water stress.

春小麦水分胁迫响应中的ACC、MACC合成及乙烯的释放
陈坤明1,2 宫海军1 陈国仓1 张承烈1

(1.  兰州大学生命科学学院,兰州730000;2.  天水师范学院生物系,天水741001)

摘要: 水分胁迫使两个抗旱性不同的春小麦(Triticum aestivum L.)品种“8139”(抗旱性较弱)和“504”(抗旱性较强)叶片ACC和MACC含量于胁迫初期下降后期升高,ACC合酶活性持续升高,乙烯释放量在8139中下降而在504中先大幅升高而后下降。两种作用效果相反的抑制剂MGBG(抑制SAMDC活性)和AOA(抑制ACC合酶活性)均明显影响了两品种春小麦叶片以上各指标的变化。结果表明,水分胁迫下作物乙烯的释放量并不与其合成直接前体ACC的量成正相关;胁迫乙烯在抗性品种中于胁迫初期的升高可能是植物胁迫信号传导的响应之一,是一种干旱适应现象,可能与作物的干旱忍耐形成有关,而MACC具有调节胁迫乙烯释放的特殊生理作用。

关键词: 水分胁迫;春小麦;乙烯;ACC 合酶;抑制剂

 

Key words: water stress, spring wheat, ethylene, ACC synthase, inhibitor

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